Project Latte: How Microsoft wants to integrate Android apps into Windows 10

Windows 10 may soon be able to run mobile apps designed for Android. Update on the technical details that allow this porting.  Microsoft is working on a software solution that would allow app developers to run their Android apps on Windows 10 with little or no code changes. How? 'Or' What ? By packaging them as an MSIX app package format and allowing developers to submit them to the Microsoft Store. The project is codenamed " Latte ," according to Windows Central, which says it will go into production next year. Microsoft had already tried to put Android applications under Windows 10 with the Astoria project, which has since aborted. The Latte project is probably powered by the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). But Microsoft will need to provide its own Android subsystem for Google's OS apps to actually work. Microsoft has announced that the WSL will soon be compatible with GPU acceleration, which should improve the performance of applications runnin

WTO: African private sector refuses multilateral negotiations to jeopardize Zlecaf

On the sidelines of the process of appointing the next Director General of the World Trade Organization (WTO) who will breathe new life into the institution, the African private sector calls on member countries to think about a reform of the world trading system that takes into account account the interests of Africa, on the eve of the entry into force of the African Continental Free Trade Area. 

WTO: African private sector refuses multilateral negotiations to jeopardize Zlecaf

If there is one agenda that is particularly close to the hearts of African players in world trade, it is the Continental Free Trade Area (Zlecaf), the effective implementation of which is now scheduled for January 1, 2021. It is to each of the eight candidates for the general management of the World Trade Organization (WTO) that the African private sector addresses the need for a reform of the world trading system which will allow Africa to deal on new bases. Focal point of its demands: that the establishment of an African common market not be compromised by multilateral negotiations.

"Ignoring the voice of Africa […] will have dramatic consequences for the WTO and the rules-based system, at a time when multilateralism is already under threat," said at an online conference on Thursday September 10- the Pan-African Committee for Trade and Private Sector Investment (Paftrac). As a reminder, this is the spokesperson for the African private sector around trade and investment issues, an initiative supported by the African Union (AU), the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the African Bank of import-export (Afreximbank). "Africa plays an important but largely underestimated role in the global economy," said Benedict Oramah, president of Afreximbank in his opening remarks, noting that "Africa's global share of trade has fallen. from 4.4% in 1970 to 2.5% today, while Asia's share had risen from 7.7% to 20% during the same period. Fragmented markets and persistent supply side constraints, tariff barriers and very strict standards on African finished products, all combine to limit the continent's potential to advance in world trade. "



These difficulties of African bosses with the current WTO

The Africa CEO Survey 2020, a survey of African bosses about the WTO presented during this online conference, shows that 75% of African bosses surveyed face many difficulties in doing international business. On the front line: tariffs and non-tariff barriers, access to capital and exchange, transport and logistics infrastructure, transparency in regulations and regulations, lack of commercial information or even the current regulation of WTO disputes mechanisms that are not accessible to them.

While 50% of African business leaders expect international trade to increase in the next 12 months, 65% of CEOs believe the current global trading system is unfair for Africa, while 37% believe the WTO is ineffective in its current state. Attending this conference, Daphne Mashile-Nkosi, Founder & CEO of Kalagadi Manganese and the first female boss of a mining company in South Africa, briefly shared her experience. “I only needed the WTO when I wanted to know how to export my products. […] But we realize that it is they [the rich countries] who determine their own rules, ”she said, citing the example of“ diamond prices [which] are determined, once they are no longer on the continent ”.

Break with the status of exporter of raw materials / importer of finished products
African trade, which generated $ 997.9 billion in revenue in 2018 according to Afreximbank data, has experienced a significant slowdown this year, due to the coronavirus pandemic. Especially since it has caused a disruption of value chains. And while the WTO is recently as trapped in the trade war between the United States and China, Paftrac, which predicts growth in intra-African trade, insists on considering the continent's trade agenda in the future of the WTO.

The other expectations of African bosses relate in particular to the establishment of rules for the exchange of agricultural products with developed countries which favor the emergence of African agro-industries capable of cooperating "on the same footing of equality" with the rest. of the world. The goal being in particular for the continent to break with its status as exporter of raw materials and importer of finished products. The transparency of standards and technical regulations, a system that facilitates technology transfer, which offers African countries leeway to support industries and advance development are all recommendations issued by Paftrac. 



"A fairer world trade, more urgent than ever"

In the opinion of Nigerian economist Patrick Utomi, chairman of Paftrac, the coronavirus crisis strengthens the needs of a new world trading system from an African perspective. "We have seen during this pandemic that companies in the industrialized world have received massive bailouts, tax assistance, not to mention government contracts and state stimuli," he detailed before adding: " African companies have not been so fortunate and will face a world where commerce will be depressed due to the post-Covid environment. Therefore, a fairer global trading environment is more urgent than ever ”.

"The three African candidates are all highly competent"

Three Africans are vying for the head of the WTO: the Kenyan Amina Mohamed, the Egyptian Hamid Mamdou and the Nigerian Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala. All speakers at Thursday's online conference stressed the need for the continent to speak with one voice, so as not to “dilute” African influence. But when asked whether the private sector is campaigning for a single African candidacy to remain in the running, Paftrac replies: “all these three candidates are highly competent”, believing that the most important is that in the end , the demands of African trade players are heard.