Project Latte: How Microsoft wants to integrate Android apps into Windows 10

Windows 10 may soon be able to run mobile apps designed for Android. Update on the technical details that allow this porting.  Microsoft is working on a software solution that would allow app developers to run their Android apps on Windows 10 with little or no code changes. How? 'Or' What ? By packaging them as an MSIX app package format and allowing developers to submit them to the Microsoft Store. The project is codenamed " Latte ," according to Windows Central, which says it will go into production next year. Microsoft had already tried to put Android applications under Windows 10 with the Astoria project, which has since aborted. The Latte project is probably powered by the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). But Microsoft will need to provide its own Android subsystem for Google's OS apps to actually work. Microsoft has announced that the WSL will soon be compatible with GPU acceleration, which should improve the performance of applications runnin

Social fraud: this report which highlights the multiple failures of the State

Despite efforts, the authorities are still struggling to curb social fraud, according to the report produced by a parliamentary commission of inquiry. Identity fraud and false document fraud are on the rise in the country.  

Social fraud: this report which highlights the multiple failures of the State

Is France managing effectively to fight against the phenomenon of social fraud? According to the report produced by the Commission of Inquiry into the Fight against Social Fraud, which Capital consulted, the answer is undoubtedly no, even though the authorities are making progress. And the finding is worrying from the outset: "It is undeniable that a structured fraud is expanding, which tends to systematically exploit the loopholes left open by our social protection system", reveals the document. A finding that matches that established a year ago by LREM MP Carole Grandjean and UDI Senator Nathalie Goulet in another report on this topic. This is because in terms of the fight against social fraud, France has a long way to go… As the commission of inquiry explicitly points out: “It is only for fifteen years that the health insurance funds, old-age insurance, family allowances and Pôle Emploi have started to set up anti-fraud systems which are gradually becoming more robust. ”

Of course, first there are the numbers. The report shows, for example, "that at least 635 million euros of fraud in social benefits were detected in 2019, general scheme and agricultural scheme combined". That Pôle emploi suffered a detected fraud of "129 million euros" or that "fraud in illegal employment and social contributions reached 724.3 million euros (in 2019, nldr)". And that ultimately, "the social fraud detected, which covers fraud on social security contributions and social benefits, reached around 1.5 billion euros in 2019." This is the tip of the iceberg. And it seems ridiculous compared to the 450 billion euros in social benefits paid out each year. On the figures, the debate has been raging for months. We are talking about 3 billion euros per year, sometimes 14 billion ... The Court of Auditors mentions 20 to 25 billion euros each year. But according to a member of the commission of inquiry interviewed by Capital, social fraud could be between 20 and 40 billion euros per year. A figure - corresponding to the assessments of a British study - which does not appear in the report, but which seems plausible for the elected official in light of the elements collected by the committee. 

So sometimes a small experiment is better than a long speech in trying to understand the magnitude of a problem. This is how the rapporteur of the commission of inquiry, Pascal Brindeau (UDI) asked “that a research be carried out within the RNCPS (Common National Directory of Social Protection, editor's note) on 183 identities having made the subject of fraud, in order to determine the amount of benefits affected as a result of fraud ”. As a reminder, the RNCPS includes three elements: the identification of beneficiaries, affiliation, namely the administrative attachment to organizations and the nature of the risks covered, the benefits served and the addresses declared to collect them. Of these 183 fraudulent identities - all of which have a directory registration number (NIR), that is to say a Sécu number - 29 received benefits in May 2020 for an amount of 20,242.98 euros! According to a member of the committee of inquiry, “This represents an average of 698 euros per case per month. In other words, around 8,000 to 9,000 euros per year and per case ”.

 From this test, it is therefore not surprising to read in the report that “the number of social security numbers listed is greater than the total number of the population of France, in a proportion that the administration is difficult to specify but which is probably between 2.4 and 6.7 million. ” We will therefore have to clean up the database! Because, as of June 30, 2020, 73.7 million NIR were recorded in the file. As a reminder, France has 67 million inhabitants ... It should be noted, however, that according to the administration, "among these 73.78 million NIR, 72.4 million correspond to open rights". This represents a potential surplus of 5.4 million beneficiaries with a troubled identity.

Identity fraud: a central issue

This result highlights an increased problem for the state: that of identity fraud, which goes hand in hand with document fraud. “The commission of inquiry thus established very early on that documentary fraud and identity fraud constitute the most important entry point for fraud on social benefits and that social protection bodies are still poorly armed for them. to detect ”, we can read in the report. In the fight against false documents - 36,770 offenses in 2017 against 44,819 offenses in 2019 - the French police are faced with a double difficulty. According to the director of the border police, questioned by the commission of inquiry, the civil status documents “are not sufficiently secure, if at all” and as surprising as it may seem, the officer explains that the services of police and gendarmerie cannot access the secure electronic documents (TES) file (file which groups together the information necessary for the preparation of a passport or an identity card, editor's note). 

To fight social fraud, the commission of inquiry is making 55 proposals. Some of which are from previous reports. The silo organization of social organizations must gradually give way to a "network organization". A major technical challenge for efficiently crossing data. The commission of inquiry also wants to facilitate police access to the files of social organizations or to “create an anti-fraud agency endowed in particular with powers of audit, advice, and injunction with regard to social protection organizations ”. For countries classified as sensitive with regard to document fraud (in particular non-European countries), nationals should prove to the administration the legality of their documents. The idea would therefore be to reverse the burden of proof. The fight against social fraud should gain momentum in the coming years.