GAFA tax: Companies have received their tax notice

"Companies subject to this tax have received a tax notice for the payment of the 2020 installments," said Bruno Lemaire. Not to mention the possible wrath of the American authorities, the GAFA have already taken the lead. Here's how.   The negotiations on the digital tax at the OECD have come to naught. “We had suspended the collection of the tax until the OECD negotiations were concluded. This negotiation failed, so we will collect a tax on the digital giants next December, "explained Bruno Le Maire, the French Minister of the Economy, in mid-October. "Companies subject to this tax have received a tax notice for the payment of the 2020 installments," the Ministry of the Economy said today. Facebook and Amazon "are among the companies" which have been notified "in recent days", assures for its part the Financial Times. So after firing the first ones, what should the French authorities expect from now on? Has

Artificial intelligence at the service of medicine in Africa

Artificial intelligence will help bridge Africa's backwardness in health systems. This is the conviction of the major global players in medicine, but also of startups and research centers in Africa. A study conducted jointly by the Novartis foundation, the American software giant Microsoft, on behalf of the United Nations system highlights African successes in this area. African telemedicine already has its champions. 

Artificial intelligence at the service of medicine in Africa

Telemedicine, computer-assisted diagnosis, digital health is at the forefront in some African countries. Ann Aerts, Director of the Novartis Foundation, is convinced that artificial intelligence (AI) will help accelerate the digitalization of health systems in Africa. For her, "artificial intelligence gives us an opportunity to really reimagine the way we deliver health care".

The Ovartis Foundation has conducted a study with Microsoft for Unesco and the United Nations on the benefits of artificial intelligence in health systems. AI is in fact the use of huge amounts of data collected by telemedicine to better care, better predict, and better manage.

"We absolutely do not want Artificial Intelligence to replace the doctor, but to guide the doctor"

In Conakry, Tulip industries, a startup created by Mountaga Keïta, is an example. Its telemedicine terminals, currently being deployed in the Conakry region, are equipped with sensors, thermal camera and blood pressure monitors, intended to auscultate patients.

“This information is kept in a local database,” says Mountaga Keïta. "And there, artificial intelligence comes in to federate this information and try to draw an inference to help doctors. We absolutely do not want artificial intelligence to replace the doctor, but to guide the doctor, ”he explains. 



A changed Malian medical landscape

In Bamako, the pioneer of telemedicine is Cheick Oumar Bagayoko. In twenty years, at the head of the Center of Expertise and Research in Telemedicine, he has revolutionized the Malian medical landscape. To his credit, among others, teledermatology which covers the whole country, including conflict zones.

Cheick Oumar Bagayoko is now relying on artificial intelligence software to process the data collected. “Right now we are starting to have a certain amount of data that can be used by artificial intelligence to do a mass study. And to allow doctors not only to see certain things on a medical level, but also to train, ”he says.

For their promoters, AI and telemedicine also save huge sums of money on health care budgets, by eliminating a whole series of unnecessary medical visits and trips to the hospital. And this may be the first incentive for states with reduced means to take the plunge.