Coronavirus: United Kingdom, facing worst recession on record, sees GDP drop 20.4% in Q2

The UK has seen its economy, hit by the coronavirus crisis, suffer a "record" contraction of 20.4% in the second quarter, and is officially facing its worst recession on record, agency figures show National Statistics (ONS), published Wednesday 12 August. 
Economists consider that a country enters a technical recession when it accumulates two consecutive quarters of contraction in its economy. According to the ONS, most of the contraction, which began to be felt in March, occurred in April, an entire month of containment and almost total cessation of activity in the country, which saw production collapsed by 20%.

With a very early recovery in construction sites and manufacturing activity, gross domestic product (GDP) rebounded in May by 2.4% (revised figure), followed by an acceleration in June (+8.7 %) thanks in particular to the reopening of all shops. This is the biggest contraction in the UK economy since the ONS began these quarterly statistics in 1955, he said…

Plastic in the oceans: if we continue like this, there will be three times more in 20 years

Like the work of the IPCC, the United Nations climate expert group, the study is planned for the years to come. It points to an exponential increase in plastic releases. The situation will become catastrophic, warn these specialists, if the world remains on the same trajectory when the means to act are at hand.
 
Plastic in the oceans: if we continue like this, there will be three times more in 20 years

Plastic is already everywhere in the oceans. But the report predicts a significant deterioration if the industry does not evolve. In 2016, discharges into the sea were 11 million tonnes per year. They are expected to grow to nearly 30 million by 2040, with a floating plastic stock four times larger than today. This will have consequences for fisheries, health, food and greenhouse gas emissions.

Insufficient decisions, irreparable damage

The study points to the limits of public policies and recycling. The strategy of eliminating plastic cutlery or stirrers is not enough. The investment of producers in recycling channels is not effective, say the authors. What is being done in developed countries today is failing to keep pace with plastic production. The study therefore calls for large-scale change. We must get out, hammer the experts, from the binary opposition between those who advocate a reduction at the source of production and those who have the religion of recycling. If nothing is done within the next two decades, the damage will be irreparable.



Means of action exist

To stem the phenomenon, experts believe that solutions exist that are technically feasible, economically viable, and socially acceptable. The report defends eight levers of action that involve reducing production, focusing on recycling, substitute products, and reuse. Experts suggest, among other things, supporting recovery channels in developing countries. Overall, these actions would reduce plastic pollution in the oceans by 80% by 2040.