“Let's stop criticizing our banks!”

More than ten years after the subprime mortgage crisis, all the light has not been shed, and yet the idea of ​​the guilt of the banks has taken hold firmly in people's minds. They are even blamed for the double fault, since after playing with fire and triggering the crisis, they allegedly asked for help from the States. This unanimous condemnation, the result of incomplete analyzes, is a heavy component of the bank bashing that has raged since then and unfortunately works against our interests. We are indeed at a critical moment when Europe, faced with the domination of American finance and the dollar, must develop its own financial capacities. The development of a strong pan-European financial sector is therefore essential if we particularly want to foster the emergence of future European gafas. 
If it is vain to hope for the complete disappearance of this bank bashing and, one might say, of the bashing market whose roots plunge both in history and in ignor…

Strict, partial or non-existent quarantine: how European countries organize the reopening of their borders despite the epidemic risk

The Italian government announced on Saturday May 16 that it would reopen the country's borders to tourists from the European Union and cancel the mandatory quarantine for foreign visitors to the peninsula, effective June 3. This decision, taken to save tourism on the peninsula, is an exception within the European Union, where quarantine is still the order of the day for many travelers. For the past two months, almost all of the borders within the European area (Schengen area, European Union and United Kingdom) have been subject to severe restrictions.
 
Strict, partial or non-existent quarantine: how European countries organize the reopening of their borders despite the epidemic risk

Like France, several countries have chosen to place their entrants in quarantine, for fear of seeing the Covid-19 circulate. But some exceptions remain, starting with the United Kingdom. Franceinfo takes stock of the situation of our neighbors, whose legislation is changing and could change in the coming days.

Spain

Anxious to supervise the gradual deconfinement of this country particularly affected by the epidemic, the Spanish authorities have announced that they will enforce, as of Friday May 22, a period of two weeks of quarantine for any traveler arriving from abroad . They will only be allowed to go out for food shopping, to go to health centers or in the case of "situation of necessity". An ordinance published Tuesday (in Spanish) specifies that this exceptional measure will remain in force until May 24.

Exemptions are put in place for truck drivers, crew members of planes and boats, cross-border workers, as well as medical personnel coming to the country to work.

Germany

Since April 10, a fortnight of 14 days at home is mandatory for anyone entering German territory, "regardless of the mode of transport and after a stay of several days abroad", specifies the Quai d'Orsay .
As of Saturday, May 16, these restrictions have been extended by a month but have been relaxed somewhat. The controls will no longer be systematic, said Interior Minister Horst Seehofer. The border with Austria is completely reopened. Austria also announced the re-establishment, from 15 June, of free movement on its common border with Germany, closed since mid-March.

Ireland

Ireland will impose 14 days of quarantine on travelers arriving from abroad, including Britain, as part of the gradual deconfinement scheduled to start on Monday, Prime Minister Leo Varadkar announced on Friday May 15.

France

The law extending the state of health emergency in France provides for a quarantine of 14 days for people entering the territory from certain countries, the list of which has yet to be established. But the Elysée immediately announced that no quarantine would be imposed on "anyone, regardless of nationality, from the European Union, the Schengen area or the United Kingdom," said the ministry. of Europe and Foreign Affairs.


The only exception to this rule is Spain, each of which entering French soil will be placed in quarantine. This decision comes by "reciprocity" with that of Madrid to place in quarantine any person coming from abroad, according to a decree published Tuesday. But this type of restriction is "not the wish" of France, said Paris.

Italy

This weekend's diplomatic coup is dramatic: the Italian government has decided to reopen its borders to European Union tourists as of June 3 and to cancel the compulsory quarantine for foreign visitors to the peninsula. The goal is clear: to revive tourism, one of the main sectors of the Italian economy, which accounts for around 13% of GDP.

These measures were announced on Saturday, May 16, after a Council of Ministers of nearly ten hours around Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte. French Interior Minister Christophe Castaner reacted a few hours later, deeming "essential" to coordinate decisions on the reopening of borders within the European space and regretting the Italian "unilateral" decision.

Portugal

The Portuguese Interior Ministry told Checknews that the country does not apply quarantine when entering its territory. "The country has however suspended all flights arriving on the peninsula, except those from the Schengen area, until June 15," said the site.

The United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is one of the few countries that has never closed its borders and therefore has so far imposed no quarantine on entrants. But this state of affairs is about to change: the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson indicated, Sunday, May 10, his will to establish soon "a quarantine for people who enter the country by plane".

The French presidency had assured following these announcements "that no quarantine measure will apply [it] to travelers from France". But Boris Johnson's spokesperson finally returned to the supposed exception, saying that no "exemption has [been] agreed with France," he said on Friday.


Others

In Switzerland and Belgium, the land and air borders are still closed to this day, for residents and workers. Switzerland has, however, relaxed its transit rules with Germany and Austria, by allowing cross-border couples and families to visit each other again. Nationals from neighboring Liechtenstein are also allowed to cross the border.

In Denmark, Poland, the Czech Republic and Finland, the borders are also closed. No quarantine imposed in these countries since entry is drastically limited.