CEMAC zone: recession could reach 6% according to BEAC

All the indicators are certainly not red. But most of the economic indicators in the six countries of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC) are already found the Monetary Policy Committee (CPM) of the Bank of Central African States (BEAC) at the end of the second annual session on June 24, 2020 in Yaoundé.

Analyzing the situation in Central Africa, it emerges that in the short and medium terms, the CEMAC zone is affected by the health crisis and the fall in the prices of the main export products. "

"In the first half of 2020, the revival of productive activities was slowed down in the sub-region by the disruption of supply circuits for imported products as well as by the restrictive measures adopted by the various governments to contain the effects of the pandemic. Although it is premature for the moment to fully grasp the impact of COVID-19 on national economies, it is already anticipated during this first semester a drop in production as well as a det…

Online anti-hate law passed but still criticized as much

The Avia law, against hate on the Internet, was adopted this Wednesday by the French Parliament. If its overall objective remains laudable, its methods are strongly criticized.
 
Online anti-hate law passed but still criticized as much

Is the debate really over? The law against online hatred, nicknamed the Avia law because it was carried by deputy LREM Laetitia Avia, was adopted in the French Parliament on Wednesday May 13 after a last passage before the National Assembly. This law of “empowerment” of web platforms and social networks on the Internet is doomed to oblige the latter to remove illegal content and comments themselves within 24 hours, under penalty of fines of up to 1.25 million euros. This applies to publications relating to incitement to hatred or violence and racist or religious insults. As for terrorist content, it should be removed within one hour following a notification from the police. The text also provides for enhanced judicial cooperation from Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, in particular in terms of transparency and attention to the issue of minors. The new measures taken by this law will be controlled by the Superior council of audio-visual (CSA).

Unwanted anti-hate law

Despite its a priori laudable intention, the Avia law and its recent adoption have been criticized in several respects and by many entities. Associations defending rights and freedoms on the Internet such as La Quadrature du Net (see below) fear for example that this law, by wanting to accentuate the responsibility of private actors in the sector, does not give them too much power in favor of a “Over-censorship” and at the expense of greater freedom of expression. Furthermore, according to Le Monde, the absence of a provision providing for the intervention of a judge as mediator between the GAFAMs and the public authorities does not reassure most of the opponents.




This Avia law - it seems the first not related to the current health crisis to be decided in the midst of a pandemic - also comes as Laetitia Avia finds herself, precisely, facing accusations of “repeated humiliations” and “words with racist or homophobic overtones” put forward by Médiapart. The member has since threatened the media to press charges of defamation. Finally, it should be noted, on the one hand, that the opposition can always try to seize the Constitutional Council to reassess the text of the law; and, on the other hand, that the law will undoubtedly be debated at the international level via the European Commission. Finally, the law was adopted but the debate remained.