“Let's stop criticizing our banks!”

More than ten years after the subprime mortgage crisis, all the light has not been shed, and yet the idea of ​​the guilt of the banks has taken hold firmly in people's minds. They are even blamed for the double fault, since after playing with fire and triggering the crisis, they allegedly asked for help from the States. This unanimous condemnation, the result of incomplete analyzes, is a heavy component of the bank bashing that has raged since then and unfortunately works against our interests. We are indeed at a critical moment when Europe, faced with the domination of American finance and the dollar, must develop its own financial capacities. The development of a strong pan-European financial sector is therefore essential if we particularly want to foster the emergence of future European gafas. 
If it is vain to hope for the complete disappearance of this bank bashing and, one might say, of the bashing market whose roots plunge both in history and in ignor…

NASA: Boeing is a problem, Voyager 2 too

Not everything has been going well lately, for NASA. First, the United States Aerospace Agency recently released its report on the test flight of the Boeing travel pod and it is not famous. Second, for almost a year, its astronomers will be unable to communicate with the Voyager 2 probe, which is delivered to itself beyond the solar system.

NASA: Boeing is a problem, Voyager 2 too

Not everything always works perfectly for the largest aerospace agency in the world. The American Aerospace Agency (NASA) has a lot of work to do before reconquering the Moon and preparing for its first manned flight on Mars. Pending this, she is currently experiencing two problems. The first could impact the organization of its space flights in the future. To emancipate itself from the Russian Soyuz spacecraft, NASA has entrusted two private American companies to design and then conduct its astronauts in space in the future: SpaceX and Boeing. These last two should allow NASA to finish regaining its independence and to materialize its flight plans to our natural satellite.

However, unlike Elon Musk's company, Boeing is not in a position to transport astronauts to or from the International Space Station. Last December, the airline tested its CST-100 Starliner vacuum capsule to assess whether it was capable of landing the ISS without a hitch. Several technical concerns disturbed the maneuver and made this test a failure. After three months of investigation, NASA released its report: it identified 61 different pitfalls to be corrected by Boeing. Among them, NASA notably identified a timing problem with one of the software managing certain thrusters according to The Verge. According to the Agency, these technical problems could have been identified before the test flight. NASA has reportedly rated 49 points that Boeing should have addressed before the test took place. Boeing engineers “must now return to NASA with a new proposal and solutions,” said Doug Loverro, associate administrator for NASA space flights. Otherwise, NASA may decide to separate from Boeing.


The second problem that NASA is currently facing should certainly have less impact on its activities, but could affect its research. In November 2019, the Voyager 2 space probe became the second human object to exit the solar system. It is located today more than 18.5 billion km from our planet and aims to inform us about the interstellar world, beyond our simple Sun. Unlike its “big sister”, Voyager 1, it still has measuring instruments in perfect working order and can communicate without problems with earth engineers. The only problem is that in order for the latter to send it commands, they have to go through just one type of long distance radio wave. Called the S-band, this frequency band can only be transmitted from a limited number of satellite dishes. There are only three in the world: one in California, one in Spain and one in Australia. Given Voyager 2's position in the cosmos, NASA can only use the one in Australia. This Australian radio antenna, DSS43, is over forty years old and in serious need of a break. An overhaul of its IT infrastructure and some physical work to correct some things and modernize others will be carried out during the next eleven months. Consequently, during this period, Earth will have no way of sending commands to the Voyager 2 probe, for example to change its trajectory and prevent it from having an accident en route. NASA will still be able to receive data from the probe, but the latter's fate is now in the hands of chance.