GAFA tax: Companies have received their tax notice

"Companies subject to this tax have received a tax notice for the payment of the 2020 installments," said Bruno Lemaire. Not to mention the possible wrath of the American authorities, the GAFA have already taken the lead. Here's how.   The negotiations on the digital tax at the OECD have come to naught. “We had suspended the collection of the tax until the OECD negotiations were concluded. This negotiation failed, so we will collect a tax on the digital giants next December, "explained Bruno Le Maire, the French Minister of the Economy, in mid-October. "Companies subject to this tax have received a tax notice for the payment of the 2020 installments," the Ministry of the Economy said today. Facebook and Amazon "are among the companies" which have been notified "in recent days", assures for its part the Financial Times. So after firing the first ones, what should the French authorities expect from now on? Has

Android 11: what will be the main new features?

On the occasion of the release of the first Developer Preview of Android 11, we present a portrait of the main new features of the future version of Google’s operating system.

As every year during this period, Google is outlining the next version of its mobile OS. If we will have to wait until the fall to take advantage of it on our smartphones, the first draft of Android 11 is already available for developers, the opportunity to discover the main novelties of this new version, and that even if this beta should largely evolve in the coming months.


One of the main new features in Android 11 is the redesign of the Message app. Like Messenger, Android 11 would display speech bubbles directly on the home screen as a shortcut. While Google’s messaging app will certainly be the first to take advantage of this, this feature should gradually spread to all messaging apps. In addition, speaking of messaging, the new version of Android should introduce a new notification panel which would group the different messages, in order to differentiate them from other types of notifications.


If iOS often picks up new things in the Android world, the reverse also happens very regularly. This will be the case of the new Google OS, which should leave Android smartphone users the ability to record their screen, as allowed by Apple's mobile operating system since iOS 12. The same goes for the protection of privacy, since Android 11 will let the user choose whether or not to grant temporary permissions to the applications. It will be possible to let an app access its geolocation only when it is open, and no longer permanently. In addition to giving the user the choice not to permanently deliver their location data to different publishers, this option could well improve the autonomy of the smartphone. Finally, just like at Apple, the entire system and all apps can switch to dark mode, without having to activate a specific setting in each application.

Android 11 should also be particularly suited to take advantage of smartphones with folding screens, and will also prove to be fully compatible with 5G. Note that Android 11 is still in its infancy, and that other features may be added over the months, before the release of the final version, scheduled for this fall.